Ekadashi 2024: Dates, Time, Rituals & Benefits Of Observing This Fast


Ekadashi, derived from Sanskrit, refers to the eleventh day of both the waxing and waning lunar fortnights. This significant day holds a special place in the Hindu calendar, known as the eleventh tithi. According to the Bhagwat Gita, Lord Krishna imparted the wisdom of fasting on the auspicious occasion of Ekadashi to Arjuna. The primary objective of observing Ekadashi Vrat is to purify one's soul and pave the way for Moksha, or salvation.

Engaging in this sacred ritual is believed to help individuals counter negative planetary influences and attain happiness. Devotees dedicate their fast on Ekadashi to Lord Vishnu, the protector of the universe. Let's delve into the details of Ekadashi 2024 and explore the proper rituals for observing Ekadashi Vrat.

The Ekadashi Tithi & Ekadashi Vrat

Ekadashi, a significant day in the Hindu calendar, falls on the eleventh day of both the waxing and waning lunar fortnights. This term, derived from Sanskrit, directly translates to the "eleventh tithi." Ekadashi is revered for its spiritual significance, as it is believed to hold the key to purifying the soul and seeking Moksha (salvation).

As per the teachings of the Bhagwat Gita, Lord Krishna imparted the wisdom of fasting and spiritual observance on the sacred day of Ekadashi to Arjuna. Devotees engage in Ekadashi Vrat, a fast and ceremonial practice, with the goal of achieving spiritual purification and inner peace.

The Ekadashi Vrat is not only a means to cleanse the soul but also a way to mitigate negative planetary influences and find happiness in one's life. This fasting ritual is dedicated to Lord Vishnu, the divine protector of the universe. Observing Ekadashi Vrat involves adhering to specific customs, prayers, and dietary restrictions, which vary depending on regional and personal traditions.

Overall, Ekadashi serves as a powerful reminder of the importance of spiritual devotion and self-purification on this special day.

Ekadashi 2024: List of all Ekadashi Vrat & their timings

Date and Day Ekadashi vrat Timings
07 January, 2024 (Sunday) Saphala Ekadashi(K) Begins - 12:41 AM, Jan 07
Ends - 12:46 AM, Jan 08
21 January, 2024 (Sunday) Pausha Putrada Ekadashi(S) Begins - 07:26 PM, Jan 20
Ends - 07:26 PM, Jan 21
06 February, 2024 (Tuesday) Shattila Ekadashi(K) Begins - 05:24 PM, Feb 05
Ends - 04:07 PM, Feb 06
20 February, 2024 (Tuesday) Jaya Ekadashi(S) Begins - 08:49 AM, Feb 19
Ends - 09:55 AM, Feb 20
06 March, 2024 (Wednesday) Vijaya Ekadashi(K) Begins - 06:30 AM, Mar 06
Ends - 04:13 AM, Mar 07
20 March, 2024 (Wednesday) Amalaki Ekadashi(S) Begins - 12:21 AM, Mar 20
Ends - 02:22 AM, Mar 21
05 April, 2024 (Friday) Papmochani Ekadashi(K) Begins - 04:14 PM, Apr 04
Ends - 01:28 PM, Apr 05
19 April, 2024 (Friday) Kamada Ekadashi(S) Begins - 05:31 PM, Apr 18
Ends - 08:04 PM, Apr 19
04 May, 2024 (Saturday) Vaishnava Varuthini Ekadashi(K) Begins - 11:24 PM, May 03
Ends - 08:38 PM, May 04
19 May, 2024 (Sunday) Mohini Ekadashi(S) Begins - 11:22 AM, May 18
Ends - 01:50 PM, May 19
02 June, 2024 (Sunday) Apara Ekadashi(K) Begins - 05:04 AM, Jun 02
Ends - 02:41 AM, Jun 03
17 June, 2024 (Monday) Nirjala Ekadashi(S) Begins - 04:43 AM, Jun 17
Ends - 06:24 AM, Jun 18
18 June, 2024 (Tuesday) Nirjala Ekadashi(S) Begins - 04:43 AM, Jun 17
Ends - 06:24 AM, Jun 18
02 July, 2024 (Tuesday) Yogini Ekadashi(K) Begins - 10:26 AM, Jul 01
Ends - 08:42 AM, Jul 02
17 July, 2024 (Wednesday) Devshayani Ekadashi(S) Begins - 08:33 PM, Jul 16
Ends - 09:02 PM, Jul 17
31 July, 2024 (Wednesday) Vaishnava Kamika Ekadashi(K) Begins - 04:44 PM, Jul 30
Ends - 03:55 PM, Jul 31
16 August, 2024 (Friday) Shravana Putrada Ekadashi(S) Begins - 10:26 AM, Aug 15
Ends - 09:39 AM, Aug 16
29 August, 2024 (Thursday) Aja Ekadashi(K) Begins - 01:19 AM, Aug 29
Ends - 01:37 AM, Aug 30
14 September, 2024 (Saturday) Parsva Ekadashi(S) Begins - 10:30 PM, Sep 13
Ends - 08:41 PM, Sep 14
28 September, 2024 (Saturday) Indira Ekadashi(K) Begins - 01:20 PM, Sep 27
Ends - 02:49 PM, Sep 28
14 October, 2024 (Monday) Papankusha Ekadashi(S) Begins - 09:08 AM, Oct 13
Ends - 06:41 AM, Oct 14
27 October, 2024 (Sunday) Rama Ekadashi(K) Begins - 09:08 AM, Oct 13
Ends - 06:41 AM, Oct 14
28 October, 2024 (Monday) Rama Ekadashi(K) Begins - 05:23 AM, Oct 27
Ends - 07:50 AM, Oct 28
12 November, 2024 (Tuesday) Devutthana Ekadashi(S) Begins - 06:46 PM, Nov 11
Ends - 04:04 PM, Nov 12
26 November, 2024 (Tuesday) Utpanna Ekadashi(K) Begins - 01:01 AM, Nov 26
Ends - 03:47 AM, Nov 27
11 December, 2024 (Wednesday) Mokshada Ekadashi(S) Begins - 03:42 AM, Dec 11
Ends - 01:09 AM, Dec 12
26 December, 2024 (Thursday) Saphala Ekadashi(K) Begins - 10:29 PM, Dec 25
Ends - 12:43 AM, Dec 27

How to keep Ekadashi Vrat in 2024?

Observing Ekadashi Vrat in 2024, or any year, involves specific rituals and practices that vary based on personal beliefs and regional traditions.

Here is a general guide on how to keep Ekadashi Vrat:

  • Preliminary Preparations:
    • Plan in advance to identify the Ekadashi dates for 2024. You can consult a Hindu calendar or reliable sources for this information.
    • It's advisable to start your fast from sunrise (dawn) on the Ekadashi day and break it after sunrise on the following day (Dvadashi).
  • Abstain from Grains and Beans:
    • One of the central aspects of Ekadashi Vrat is fasting from grains and beans. Devotees typically avoid wheat, rice, lentils, and legumes during the fast.
  • Fasting:
    • Devotees fast from both food and water during the Ekadashi Vrat. Some people may opt for a partial fast, consuming only fruits and milk.
  • Chanting and Meditation:
    • Spend time in prayer, meditation, and chanting of mantras dedicated to Lord Vishnu. The "Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya" mantra is commonly recited.
  • Visit a Temple:
    • If possible, visit a temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu and participate in special Ekadashi prayers and rituals.
  • Read Scriptures:
    • Read or listen to spiritual texts like the Bhagavad Gita or Vishnu Sahasranama during the day to deepen your spiritual connection.
  • Charity and Acts of Kindness:
    • Performing acts of charity, such as feeding the needy or donating to the less fortunate, is considered auspicious on Ekadashi.
  • Breaking the Fast:
    • On the following day (Dvadashi), after sunrise, break your fast with a simple meal that adheres to the Ekadashi restrictions. Fruits, milk, nuts, and non-grain items are typically consumed.
  • Reflect and Express Gratitude:
    • Take time to reflect on your spiritual journey and express gratitude for the opportunity to observe Ekadashi.
  • Continue with Devotion:
    • Continue your spiritual practices and devotion beyond Ekadashi to maintain the positive energy and spiritual growth achieved during the fast.

It's important to note that while these are general guidelines, Ekadashi Vrat customs can vary among different communities and individuals. Always consult with your spiritual guide or local priest for specific guidance and variations in the rituals. Additionally, consider your own health and consult a healthcare professional if you have any medical conditions that may affect your ability to fast.

Completion of the Ekadashi

Completion of Ekadashi is known as "Parana" or "Breakfast." It is the process of ending the Ekadashi fast and resuming regular eating. The timing for Parana depends on the sunrise time on the Dvadashi day (the twelfth day after Ekadashi).

Here is how you can complete Ekadashi:

  • Breaking the Fast: On the Dvadashi morning, after sunrise, devotees break their Ekadashi fast. The meal should be simple and adhering to the Ekadashi dietary restrictions.
  • Timing: The fast should be broken within a specific time frame known as the "Parana time." This time varies depending on the location and the specific Ekadashi tithi. It is generally recommended to break the fast within the first quarter of Dvadashi Tithi after sunrise. However, it's essential to consult a local Hindu calendar or priest for the exact Parana timing for your location.
  • What to Eat: Devotees traditionally break the fast with food items that are allowed during Ekadashi, such as fruits, nuts, milk, yogurt, and non-grain items. Avoid consuming grains, beans, and legumes at this time.
  • Prayers and Gratitude: Before partaking in your first meal after Ekadashi, it is customary to offer prayers and express gratitude to Lord Vishnu for the opportunity to observe the fast.
  • Charity: As an act of auspiciousness, many people choose to offer food or donate to the less fortunate after completing their fast.
  • Regular Diet: After breaking the Ekadashi fast, you can gradually resume your regular diet throughout the day, including grains and other foods that were restricted during the fast.

What to eat on Ekadashi 2024?

On Ekadashi in 2024, adherents should abstain from grains and beans as part of their dietary restrictions. Instead, they can consume foods like fruits, vegetables, milk, yogurt, nuts, and non-grain items. Common Ekadashi-friendly dishes include sabudana (tapioca) khichdi, potato dishes, coconut-based recipes, and various fruits. These food choices are considered sattvic and are believed to facilitate a pure and meditative state of mind during the fasting period. The emphasis is on simplicity and purity in diet, allowing individuals to focus on their spiritual practices and prayers while maintaining the physical discipline of the fast.

Benefits of observing fast on Ekadashi

Observing a fast on Ekadashi offers numerous spiritual and health benefits. From a spiritual perspective, Ekadashi is believed to be a day when the positive cosmic energies are heightened, making it an auspicious time for deep meditation, prayer, and spiritual reflection. Fasting on this day is thought to cleanse the body and mind, promoting self-discipline and increased spiritual awareness.

It is said to help in purifying the soul, seeking divine blessings, and progressing on the path to Moksha (salvation). Additionally, from a health standpoint, Ekadashi fasting allows the digestive system to rest, detoxify the body, and regulate metabolism, potentially leading to physical well-being and rejuvenation.

Ekadashi rituals for Vishnu worshippers

For Vishnu worshippers observing Ekadashi, the day is marked by a series of sacred rituals. Devotees often wake up early and cleanse themselves before visiting a Vishnu temple or setting up a sacred altar at home. They offer prayers, flowers, and incense to Lord Vishnu, reciting Vishnu mantras and reading scriptures like the Vishnu Sahasranama. Fasting from grains and beans is essential, and devotees may consume sattvic foods like fruits, nuts, and dairy products during the fast. The day is dedicated to meditation, chanting, and listening to religious discourses, deepening their connection with Lord Vishnu. The fast is broken the next day during the prescribed Parana time, often with a simple meal, concluding the observance of Ekadashi with gratitude and devotion.

The tale related to Ekadashi Vrat

For followers of Lord Vishnu observing Ekadashi, a series of sacred rituals mark this auspicious day. Commencing with an early morning purification ritual and often a visit to a Vishnu temple or home shrine setup, devotees offer prayers, fragrant flowers, and incense to seek blessings.

They engage in the recitation of Vishnu mantras and delve into holy texts like the Vishnu Sahasranama. Central to Ekadashi is fasting from grains and legumes, with sattvic foods like fruits, nuts, and dairy being the sustenance of the day. The hours are devoted to meditation, prayer, and religious discourse, strengthening their spiritual connection with Lord Vishnu. On the following day, the fast concludes during the designated Parana time, often with a simple meal, all underscored by an atmosphere of gratitude and unwavering devotion.

Ekadashi Vrat puja vidhi

  • Here is a concise Ekadashi Vrat Puja Vidhi:
  • Preparation:
    • Cleanse yourself and your puja area.
    • Set up an altar with images or idols of Lord Vishnu.
  • Morning Rituals:
    • Wake up early.
    • Bathe and wear clean clothes.
    • Light a lamp or diya.
    • Offer flowers, incense, and water to Lord Vishnu.
  • Mantra Chanting:
    • Recite Vishnu mantras or the Vishnu Sahasranama.
  • Fasting:
    • Begin your fast at sunrise.
    • Avoid grains and beans throughout the day.
  • Meditation and Prayer:
    • Spend time in deep meditation and prayer, focusing on Lord Vishnu.
  • Evening Rituals:
    • At sunset, break your fast (Parana) with sattvic foods.
    • Offer aarti (lighted lamp) to Lord Vishnu.
    • Express gratitude for the day's observance.
  • Charity:
    • Consider offering food or donations to the needy as an act of charity.
  • Night Rituals:
    • Before bedtime, offer a final prayer to Lord Vishnu.
  • Continuation:
    • Maintain a spiritually inclined mindset beyond Ekadashi, practicing devotion and purity.

What more devotees can do?

Certainly, here are some additional things that devotees can do during Ekadashi:

  • Read or listen to religious scriptures.
  • Offer Tulsi leaves to Lord Vishnu.
  • Perform acts of kindness and charity.
  • Avoid negative thoughts and behaviors.
  • Reflect on one's spiritual journey.
  • Engage in Kirtan (devotional singing).
  • Visit a Vishnu temple or sacred place.
  • Practice self-control and patience.
  • Observe silence for a portion of the day.
  • Maintain a peaceful and pure mindset throughout the fast.

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