Mahavir Jayanti stands for one of the most fundamental beliefs of Jainism. Therefore, the day holds immense importance for the believers of Jainism as they celebrate the birth of the 24th Tirthankar, Lord Mahavir. Jains also call this day as Janma Kalyanak. And, people would celebrate Mahavir Jayanti 2022 around mid-April, according to the Gregorian calendar.
As per the Jain scripture and Hindu Panchang calendar, Bhagwan Mahavir was born on the 13th day of the bright half of the Moon in the Chaitra month in 599 BCE. Therefore, every year in different places of the globe, a divine procession of Rath Yatra is organized with Bhagwan Mahavir’s idol. Later the same day, the devotees pray at the temple and sing religious hymns. For the Jains, the day illustrates charity. Also, it motivates people to help the needy and promotes non-violence.
Mahavir Jayanti 2022 will occur on April 14. Around the globe, followers of Jainism shall celebrate this day to commemorate the teachings and life of the last Tirthankar, Lord Mahavir.
According to the Hindu Panchang, Mahavir Jayanti falls every year on the Chaitra Maas Shukla Trayodashi Tithi, falling at sunrise. If the Trayodashi tithi extends up to 2 days or doesn’t fall during the sunrise, folks will celebrate the festival on the first day.
Mahavir Jayanti Tithi: April 14, 2022 (Thursday)
Trayodashi Tithi Beginning: April 14, 2022, at 04:49 AM
Trayodashi Tithi Ending: April 15, 2022, at 03:55 AM
Bhagwan Mahavir was the last Tirthankar of the Jain religion. Moreover, believers and devotees call the Lord by different names like Vardhaman, Vir, Ativir, Sanmati, Veerprabhu, Gnatputra, and Mahavir. So, when it comes to Jainism, Bhagwan is specially mentioned. It is because Lord Mahavir was the one who established the majority ethics that form the Jain religion today.
Lord Mahavir’s teachings and philosophies inspire the devotees even today. Mahavir Swami was born and brought up in a royal family. However, he denounced everything to attain knowledge and enlightenment like Gautam Buddha. When he was born, his father named him Vardhaman Mahavir, which means— ever-increasing. It was because, at the time of his birth, the King attained prosperity intensely. King Siddharth attained growth and success in his endeavors.
According to the Jain manuscripts, Mahavir Swami was born around 599 BC (roughly). Ahead, the scripts say that he took birth in the royal family of Kshatriyakund, a part of Vaishali. His father was King Siddharth, and his mother was Queen Trishala.
When the Queen was expecting with the Lord, she saw 16 auspicious dreams— Solah Swapna. It indicated the greatness and divines of the child that was to take birth.
He never got allured by the materialistic pleasures and gains. Also, in his late 20s, he decided to become a monk. Thus, Lord Mahavir left all his possessions and attained seclusion to turn himself into a monk.
After years of ascetic lifestyle and strict meditation, Mahavir Swami finally attained enlightenment (Keval Gyan) that made him Lord Mahavir. After the same, Bhawan Mahavir Swami preached what he learned and attained in life. Moreover, he spent the next 30 years of his life traveling all over the country to teach people the truth he realized during his meditation. Because of the same, many people, rich and poor, kings and queens got inspired and started following the religion— Jainism.
The followers divided themselves into four categories:
Around the age of 72, Bhagwan Mahavir attained complete liberation. This event in Jainism is called Nirvana. He became Siddha, a true consciousness who shall live forever in total bliss. Interestingly, the night of his salvation occurs on the auspicious festival of lights— Diwali.
As we mentioned before, Queen Trishala saw 16 auspicious dreams. Each dream represented different objects and owned different meanings. They had their own significance and importance. In Jainism, devotees believe that prior to the birth of the Lord, the mother used to get these dreams. Let us see the Solah Swapana and its meaning:
Jains are known as non-violent folks. They follow the teachings of Lord Mahavir and believe in an ascetic lifestyle. Not just this, they follow the path of non-violence, thus promoting the slogan— Ahinsa Parmo Dharma. So, let us give a glance at the teachings of Lord Mahavir:
For the Jains, the day holds immense importance. Here we have a list of ways you can celebrate Mahavir Jayanti 2022:
Followers carry the festivities connected with Mahavir Jayanti with many rituals. Let us give a glance at the most prominent ones:
Jainism is all about following the path of non-violence and charity. And for the same, people perform the following donations/daan. Let us see them in detail:
Humanism is another thing that Jainism promotes to the core. On this day, Jains also promote the lessons of humanity. Also, they spread the message that everybody has to go ahead with their individual journey and face ups and downs in life.
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