According to Hinduism, 16 rites are considered to be of great importance in our lives, one of these 16 samskaras is Janeu Dharana Sanskar or ‘Yajnopaveet Sanskar’. Yajnopaveet = Yajna + Upveet, ie one who has complete right to perform Yajna.
In the Sanskrit language, Janeu is called ‘Yajnopaveet’. No one gets the right to recite Vedas or chant Gayatri without wearing Yajnopaveet (Janeu).
Janeu is a sacred thread made of yarn, which people wear at the time of ‘Yajnopaveet Sanskar’. Brahmin, Kshatriya, and Vaishya society have ‘Yajnopavit Sanskar’ tradition. Commonly, the Yajna takes place when the child is 10-12 years old. In ancient times, only after wearing Janeu did the child get the right to get an education. This ancient tradition holds great importance not only in religious terms but also in scientific terms.
Janeu (Yajnopaveet) is also called Brahmasutra, Yajnasutra, Vratabandha, and Balbandh. The Vedas have also been instructed to wear Janeu. It is also known as Upanayana Sanskar. ‘Upanayana’ means to take near. The person wearing Janeu becomes devoted to Brahma (God). After wearing Janeu one has to follow special rules and practices.
The sacred thread made of three threads is Janeu. The person wearing Yajnopavitha wears it above the left shoulder and below the right arm. This way, it stays on the neck in such a way that it stays above the left shoulder.
Yajnopavitam Param Prabham Prajapateryatsahjn Purast.
Ayushyamagra Pratimuncha Shubram Yajnopavitam Balamastu Tejah
According to Hinduism, it is the duty of every Hindu to wear a thread and follow its rules.
There are mainly two types of threads, three threads, and six threads.
For Brahmachari there is a law of three threaded Janue, a married man should wear a threaded thread. Of the six threads of Janeu, three threads are said to be of the man’s and three threads are those of his wife. A girl who practices lifelong celibacy can also wear Janeu.
Why three threads?
Yajnopavit mainly consists of three sutras, each sutra has three threads. First thread The three sutras present in it are the symbols of Trimurti Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh who always bless the one wearing the Yajnopavit. The second thread depicts Devaruna, Pitrurana, and Rishiruna, and the third aspect of Sattva, Raja, and Tama is a virtuous increase.
Scientifically, wearing Janeu is very beneficial. This ancient tradition holds great importance not only in religious terms but also in the scientific and scientific sense.
So, these were some major points about Janeu Dharana Sanskar.
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